Gem Kingdom was established in 1990, the enterprise is based in the Netherlands. Johanna Titselaar (1962, originally a painter) and Bernard Jongstra (1960, originally a musician) envisioned in 1990 a collection of jewellery comprising a concept of unorthodox materials within a original style. Gem Kingdom keeps growing and evolving, making each collection a natural reflection of today's collective consciousness. Every design embodies contrasts, such as primal yet sophisticated, ethnic and the ultramodern, historical and futuristic. All this results in jewellery with a very personal touch and feel.